Recycled Oil SN500

                                           Base Oil SN500 RC
Test Parameters Test Method Range
Appearance visual C&B
Kinematic Viscosity @100 ºC ASTM-D466 8-9
Pour Point ºC ASTM-D97 -3-0
Flash Point (COC) ºC ASTM-D92 210-230
Density ASTM-D1298 875-885
Color ASTM-D1500 1.5-2.5

KiaPetro Artman Company-Iran
Office Address1: Unit4, Building1, South Bahman, Zafranie, Tehran, Iran.

Office Address2: Unit114, first floor, The central building of Technology industrial state, 6km Hamedan – Tehran Highway. Hamedan, Iran.

Factory Address: Persian Gulf Industrial state, Bandar Abbas, Hormozgan, Iran

Base oil, also known as base stock or base fluid, is the primary component used in the production of lubricants, such as motor oils, hydraulic fluids, and industrial oils. It serves as the foundation for formulating finished lubricants by blending it with additives to enhance performance characteristics. Base oils are typically derived from crude oil through a refining process known as fractional distillation. This process separates crude oil into different fractions based on their boiling points. The desired fraction, which contains the properties suitable for lubrication, is then further processed to enhance its quality. The classification of base oils includes different viscosity grades, often denoted by standards such as ISO VG (International Standards Organization Viscosity Grade) or SAE (Society of Automotive Engineers) viscosity grades. These classifications help ensure that lubricants meet specific requirements for particular industries and applications.

The API categorizes base oils into five groups:

  1. Group I:

– Characteristics: Conventional mineral oils with limited refining.

– Application: General-purpose lubricants, industrial oils, and less demanding applications.

  1. Group II:

– Characteristics: More refined than Group I, with improved performance properties.

– Application: Automotive lubricants, hydraulic fluids, and other applications where higher performance is required.

  1. Group III:

– Characteristics: Highly refined and processed to achieve superior performance.

– Application: High-performance automotive and industrial lubricants, including synthetic blends.

  1. Group IV:

– Characteristics: Fully synthetic oils known as polyalphaolefins (PAOs).

 – Application: High-performance lubricants in extreme conditions, such as in high-temperature or high-pressure environments.

  1. Group V:

– Characteristics: Includes base oils not covered in Groups I to IV, often comprising esters, polyolesters, or other synthetic compounds.

– Application: Used in specialty lubricants, including some environmentally friendly lubricants.

The Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) classifies viscosity grades for lubricating oils, including base oils, using a numerical code. The SAE viscosity grade is a measure of the oil’s viscosity or thickness at a specific temperature. Here is a brief overview of the SAE viscosity classification:

  1. Single-Grade Oils:

   – SAE 10W, SAE 20W, SAE 30, SAE 40, SAE 50

   – Example: SAE 30 oil is a single-grade oil with a viscosity suitable for certain operating conditions.

  1. Multi-Grade Oils:

   – Represented by two numbers separated by a “W” (winter) for low-temperature performance.

   – Example: SAE 10W-30 or SAE 5W-40.

   – The first number (e.g., 10W) indicates the oil’s viscosity at low temperatures.

   – The second number (e.g., 30 or 40) represents viscosity at higher temperatures.

   – Lower viscosity (lower second number) provides better fuel economy.

   – Higher viscosity (higher second number) provides better high-temperature protection.

  1. High-Temperature, High-Shear (HTHS) Viscosity:

   – Some oils also have an HTHS viscosity specification, denoted as SAE XW-YY.

   – Example: SAE 5W-30 has an associated HTHS viscosity that indicates its high-temperature, high-shear performance.

These classifications help consumers and industry professionals choose the right lubricating oil for specific applications and operating conditions. The lower the SAE number, the thinner (lower viscosity) the oil, making it more suitable for colder temperatures. The higher the second number, the thicker (higher viscosity) the oil, providing better protection at higher temperatures.

It’s important to note that SAE viscosity grades are only one aspect of oil performance, and other factors, such as base oil group (Group I, II, III, etc.), additives, and overall formulation, contribute to the oil’s effectiveness in different applications.

Base Oil SN 350:

SN500 base oil is a specific grade of base oil classified by the American Petroleum Institute (API). The “SN” designation indicates the classification level within the API Group II category. Group II base oils are characterized by a higher level of refining compared to Group I base oils. They undergo a more extensive hydroprocessing or severe hydrocracking process, resulting in improved purity and performance characteristics. The “SN” designation specifies the quality level within the API Group II category. SN oils are designed to meet or exceed certain performance and quality standards set by the API. In the case of SN500, it has a kinematic viscosity falling within a specific range, making it suitable for various lubricant applications. SN500 base oil is often used in the formulation of lubricants, including motor oils, hydraulic fluids, and industrial lubricants. Recycling SN500 base oil involves reclaiming used SN500 base oil from various sources, such as automotive engines, industrial machinery, and hydraulic systems, and restoring it to a usable condition for reuse in lubricant formulations. By recycling SN500 base oil, companies can contribute to environmental sustainability by conserving natural resources, reducing energy consumption, and minimizing waste generation. Additionally, recycled SN500 base oil offers economic benefits by providing a cost-effective alternative to virgin base oil while maintaining performance and quality standards


SN500 base oil finds applications in various industries due to its specific viscosity and performance characteristics. Here are some common applications of SN500 base oil:

  1. Automotive Lubricants:

   – SN500 is used in the formulation of motor oils and lubricants for internal combustion engines. It provides lubrication and protection to engine components, reducing friction and wear.

  1. Industrial Lubricants:

   – Industrial applications often require lubricants with specific viscosity grades. SN500 is utilized in the production of industrial lubricants for machinery, gears, and equipment.

  1. Hydraulic Fluids:

   – SN500 base oil is suitable for manufacturing hydraulic fluids. Hydraulic systems, including those in construction equipment and manufacturing machinery, benefit from the lubricating properties of SN500.

  1. Metalworking Fluids:

   – Metalworking fluids, such as cutting oils and coolants, use SN500 base oil to provide lubrication and cooling during machining and metal processing operations.

  1. Transformer Oils:

   – SN500 is employed in the production of transformer oils, serving as an insulating and cooling fluid in electrical transformers. It helps dissipate heat and insulate electrical components.

  1. Greases:

   – SN500 can be used as a base oil in the production of greases, which are semisolid lubricants. Greases are applied in various applications, including automotive, industrial, and machinery applications.

  1. Textile Industry:

   – SN500 is used in the textile industry as a lubricant for spinning and weaving machines, ensuring smooth operation and reducing friction in the manufacturing process.

  1. Rubber Processing:

   – In rubber processing, SN500 base oil is used as a processing aid and release agent. It helps in the production of rubber products by reducing friction and improving mold release.

  1. Adhesives and Sealants:

   – SN500 can be incorporated into the formulation of adhesives and sealants to enhance their lubricating properties and performance.

  1. Bitumen Production:

    – SN500 base oil is sometimes used in bitumen production, contributing to the properties of asphalt and other bituminous products.

It’s important to note that the specific requirements for base oil in each application may vary, and SN500 may be blended with additives to meet the desired performance characteristics. The versatility of SN500 makes it a widely used base oil in the lubricants and manufacturing industries.

                                           Base Oil SN500 RC
Test Parameters Test Method Range
Appearance visual C&B
Kinematic Viscosity @100 ºC ASTM-D466 8-9
Pour Point ºC ASTM-D97 -3-0
Flash Point (COC) ºC ASTM-D92 210-230
Density ASTM-D1298 875-885
Color ASTM-D1500 1.5-2.5

Hazard Identification:

Here are potential hazards associated with SN500 base oil, along with recommended safety measures:

  1. Skin and Eye Irritation:

   – Hazard: Prolonged or repeated contact with SN500 can cause skin and eye irritation.

   – Safety Measures: Wear appropriate personal protective equipment (PPE) such as gloves and safety goggles. In case of contact, rinse affected areas with plenty of water.

  1. Inhalation Risk:

   – Hazard: Inhalation of vapor or mist may cause respiratory irritation.

  – Safety Measures: Work in well-ventilated areas. If ventilation is inadequate, use respiratory protection. In case of respiratory irritation, move to fresh air.

  1. Ingestion Hazard:

   – Hazard: Swallowing SN500 can cause gastrointestinal irritation.

   – Safety Measures: Avoid ingestion. If accidentally ingested, do not induce vomiting. Seek medical attention.

  1. Fire Hazard:

   – Hazard: SN500 is combustible and can support combustion under certain conditions.

   – Safety Measures: Keep away from open flames and sources of ignition. Store in a cool, well-ventilated area away from heat and sparks.

  1. Environmental Impact:

   – Hazard: Improper disposal or spills can lead to environmental contamination.

   – Safety Measures: Follow proper disposal procedures. In case of spills, contain and collect the material. Prevent entry into water sources.

Handling health & Safety:

Proper handling and storage of SN500 base oil are essential to ensure safety and maintain product integrity. Here are some general guidelines:


  1. Personal Protective Equipment (PPE):

   – Wear appropriate PPE, including gloves and safety goggles, to protect skin and eyes during handling.

  1. Ventilation:

   – Work in well-ventilated areas to minimize inhalation risks. Use local exhaust ventilation when handling in confined spaces.

  1. Avoid Contact:

   – Minimize skin contact. In case of contact, wash thoroughly with soap and water.

  1. Inhalation Precautions:

   – Avoid breathing vapors or mist. If ventilation is insufficient, use respiratory protection.

  1. Equipment Compatibility:

   – Ensure that handling equipment, such as pumps and containers, is made of materials compatible with SN500 to prevent corrosion or other reactions.

  1. Prevent Contamination:

   – Prevent contamination by using clean and dry equipment during handling. Avoid mixing different batches of base oil.

  1. Avoid Ingestion:

   – Do not eat, drink, or smoke while handling SN500. Avoid ingestion. In case of accidental ingestion, seek medical attention.


  1. Temperature Control:

   – Store SN500 base oil in a cool, well-ventilated area away from heat sources, open flames, and sparks. Follow recommended temperature storage conditions.

  1. Avoid Direct Sunlight:

   – Protect storage containers from direct sunlight, which can lead to temperature fluctuations.

  1. Keep Containers Closed:

   – Keep storage containers tightly closed when not in use to prevent contamination and evaporation.

  1. Segregation:

   – Segregate SN500 from incompatible materials, such as strong acids, alkalis, and oxidizing agents.

  1. Stability:

   – Ensure stable storage conditions to prevent degradation or changes in product properties.

  1. Spill Containment:

   – Implement spill containment measures, such as bunding or secondary containment, to prevent environmental contamination in the event of a spill.

  1. Labeling:

   – Clearly label storage containers with product information, including name, grade, and any specific handling instructions.

  1. Regulatory Compliance:

   – Adhere to local regulations and guidelines related to the storage of base oils and other hazardous materials.

Always consult the safety data sheet (SDS) provided by the manufacturer for specific handling and storage instructions for the SN500 base oil you are using. Additionally, follow industry best practices and ensure that personnel handling the oil are trained on proper procedures and safety measures.


Kia Petro Base oil is available in:

  • 200 liter new steel Drum
  • 1000 liter IBC Tank
  • 20 Mt Flexi Tank


There are no reviews yet.

Be the first to review “Recycled Oil SN500”

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *